Eugene and Salem School Lice Policy

Student writing - LiceDoctorsSchool Lice Policies--Salem and Eugene, Oregon and Surrounding Districts The American Academy of Pediatrics, National Association of School Nurses, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention all recommend that schools eliminate "no nit" policies. They maintain that research proves that the everyday classroom environment is not at significant risk for the spread of lice. Furthermore a child with an active head lice infestation is likely to have had the infestation for one month or more by the time it is discovered and poses little risk to others, therefore students need not be sent home. Alternatively, the National Pediculosis Association urges schools to retain "no nit" policies as they state that children with active lice infestations do pose a risk to fellow students and should not be allowed in school. Schools in the Eugene and Salem area reflect a variety of lice policies ranging from the one advocated by the aforementioned key medicals associations to "no nit" policies.

Greater Albany Public Schools

Albany schools allow students to return to school after they have been treated for lice and nits. "Students with lice or eggs will not be admitted to school. "Head lice do not carry disease, but they are unpleasant, can cause itching, and may be spread from one student to another. For these reasons, students with head lice may not attend school. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control does not endorse schoolwide lice checks as an effective means of controlling the spread of head lice. If a student is found to have live head lice or nits, parents will be notified by telephone or in writing. The student will not be allowed to return to school until the child has been treated. After they return, students will be rechecked. Waverly School staff will assist in any way possible to help students and families with head lice. We can provide information, training, and resources. Parents, however, have the primary responsibility of ensuring their children are free of head lice." More information: www.albany.k12.or.us (Pg 10)

Corvallis School District

This district has a very lenient lice policy that follows the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics, National Association of School Nurses, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Students found to have an active infestation of lice and nits will be allowed to remain in school and parents will be notified to start a treatment protocol. Teacher reading to class - LiceDoctors"The Board recognizes that district programs should be conducted in a manner that protects and enhances student and employee health and is congruent with recognized health practices. District staff shall institute guidelines in developing consistent procedures for the care of pediculosis (head lice) based on current research and current diagnosis, treatment protocols, and management guidelines from American Academy of Pediatrics, National Association of School Nurses, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Head lice are not a health hazard or a sign of uncleanliness and are not responsible for the spread of disease. Lice do not hop, fly or jump, they crawl. Transmission in most cases occurs by direct contact, head touching head, of another infested individual. Research indicates that the normal classroom environment is not high risk for the spread of lice. If a student appears symptomatic, a private and confidential lice screening may be performed by the district nurse, if available, or a trained staff member. When a child is found with live head lice or nits it is not necessary to send the child home early. Because a child with an active head lice infestation likely has had the infestation for one month or more by the time it is discovered and poses little risk to others, he or she may remain in class but be discouraged from close, direct head-to-head contact with others. The child’s parent or guardian will be notified that day by telephone or with a letter sent home with the child stating that prompt, effective treatment is necessary. In some cases, effective treatment may require a prescription from the child’s healthcare professional. Children with lice will ideally go home at the end of the school day, be treated, and return to class the next day. A referral to the district nurse may be made for children with recurrent or ongoing lice infestations. Current evidence does not support the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of classroom or school-wide screenings for head lice to reduce the number of head lice infestations among school children. On occasion, if multiple students in the same classroom are found to have active cases of lice, a notice may be sent to parents/guardians of all students in that classroom instructing them to check their children for head lice for the next two weeks and treat appropriately. In accordance with FERPA/HIPPA, school officials may not disclose the name(s) or private health information of affected students." More information:  policy.osba.org

Cresswell Schools

This district's policy is at the opposite end if the spectrum from that of Corvallis. Students in this district found to have nits or lice will be sent home and not re-admitted until lice and nits are all gone. Students taking a test - LiceDoctors"(Excludes students infested with either live lice or nits. Does not allow attendance of students with nits.) Students found to have contracted head lice will be subject to the following procedures: 1. Suggested school measures for head lice control, as provided in “Health Services for the School Community” issued through the Oregon Department of Education will be followed; 2. Student head lice checks done periodically are not recommended. Screening recommendations are as follows: a. Criteria for screening an individual for lice are: persistent itching or scratching, known exposure to sibling or other close contact with head lice (e.g., seat mate in classroom, locker partners, overnight sleep activities, scouts, etc.), self (student or parent) referral; b. Three nonrelated cases of head lice in a classroom within 10 consecutive school days requires that all children in the classroom be screened by the following school day; c. If there is infestation among three percent of the entire student population within 10 consecutive school days, there should be a screening of all students in the school within one week. Multiple cases from a single household count as one case for purposes of calculating the percent of students infested. 3. As provided by Oregon Administrative Rule (OAR) 333-019-0010, students found to have contracted head lice will be excluded from school; 4. Treatment information, district policy requirements and readmittance provisions will be provided to the parent. Parents will be advised to: a. Use a lice-killing agent which their health-care provider, school nurse or local health authority recommends on all family members who have symptoms of infestation; b. Follow the personal and household cleaning instructions provided by the district, health-care provider or local health authority, as appropriate; c. Remove all nits after treatment. 5. Following treatment, the student will be readmitted to school; 6. Parents must either accompany their student to school for readmittance or provide a signed statement that treatment has been initiated; 7. The student will be subject to screening by designated personnel to determine the treatment’s effectiveness. The student will be readmitted to school or denied admittance, as appropriate. The absence of nits is required for readmittance. In the event the student is not readmitted to school, parents will be notified; 8. Students readmitted will be subject to follow-up screening by designated personnel; 9. In the event additional assistance and/or information is needed regarding the treatment of the student, other family members, close contacts and the home environment (e.g., bedding, linens, grooming equipment, etc.), parents should contact their local health department; 10. Students with chronic head lice may be referred for follow-up to the school’s nurse or local health department, as appropriate; 11. Parents who identify head lice on their students at home are to complete treatment prior to the readmission of their student, as required above. Parents are also encouraged to notify the school of their student’s condition so that appropriate preventative measures may be implemented at school." More information: policy.osba.org

Fern Ridge School District J87 (Elmira, Noti, Veneta, & Walton)

This district also retains a "no nit" lice policy. Children with eggs or live lice will not be allowed in school. "Children are not allowed to return to school until all nits have been removed from the hair. § The parent/guardian needs to bring the child to school for a lice check before they can return to class. § Students should not miss multiple days of school due to lice. § The Lane County Health department has more information about lice infestation. § schools do periodic preventive screenings for lice. To maintain student privacy, we only notify the parents of those children found with lice unless the number of students found with lice is excessive." More information: www.fernridge.k12.or.us (pg 5)

Dallas School District 2

This district excludes students with live lice only, while allowing attendance of students with nits. "Students found to have contracted head lice will be subject to the following procedures: 1. Suggested school measures for head lice control, as provided in “Health Services for the School Community” issued through the Oregon Department of Education will be followed; 2. Periodic student head lice checks are not recommended. Screening recommendations are as follows: a. Criteria for screening an individual for lice are: persistent itching or scratching, known exposure to sibling or other close contact with head lice (e.g., seat mate in classroom, locker partners, overnight sleep activities, scouts, etc.), self (student or parent) referral; b. Three nonrelated cases of head lice in a classroom within 10 consecutive school days requires that all children in the classroom be screened by the following school day; c. If there is infestation among three percent of the entire student population within 10 consecutive school days, there should be a screening of all students in the school within one week. Multiple cases from a single household count as one case for purposes of calculating the percent of students infested. 3. As provided by OAR 333-019-0015, students found to have contracted head lice will be immediately excluded from school at the discretion of the local school or health district. The presence of nits (lice eggs) only is not considered excludable; 4. Treatment information, district policy requirements and readmittance provisions will be provided to the parent. Parents will be advised to: a. Use a lice-killing agent which their health-care provider, school nurse or local health authority recommends on all family members who demonstrate symptoms of infestation; b. Follow the personal and household cleaning instructions provided by the district, health-care provider or local health authority, as appropriate; c. Remove all nits after treatment. 5. Following treatment, the student will be readmitted to school; 6. Parents must either accompany their student to school for readmittance or provide a signed statement that treatment has been initiated; 7. The student will be subject to screening by designated personnel to determine the treatment’s effectiveness. The student will be readmitted to school or denied admittance, as appropriate. The absence of nits is not required for readmittance. In the event the student is not readmitted to school because of the continued presence of live lice, parents will be notified; 8. Students readmitted will be subject to follow-up screening by designated personnel; 9. In the event additional assistance and/or information is needed regarding the treatment of the student, other family members, close contacts and the home environment (bedding, linens, grooming equipment, etc.), parents should contact their local health department; 10. Students with chronic head lice may be referred for follow-up to the school’s nurse or local health department, as appropriate; 11. Parents who identify head lice on their students at home are to complete treatment prior to the readmission of their student, as required above. Parents are also encouraged to notify the school of their student’s condition so that appropriate preventative measures may be implemented at school." More information: policy.osba.org

Gervais School District #1

This district has also dropped its "no nit" policy, but sends students home if they have live lice. It does give school personnel the right to exclude for nits if they deem that to be reasonable. "The Board recognizes that district programs should be conducted in a manner that protects and enhances student and employee health and is consistent with recognized health practices. Consequently, in order to prevent the spread of pediculosis (head lice) in the school setting, district staff shall institute guidelines for classrooms that will assist in the prevention and spread of head lice. Students with suspected cases of lice shall be referred to the school nurse, building administrator or designee for assessment. Students found with live lice or nits will be excluded from school attendance. The district recognizes that the Oregon Department of Human Services, Health Services, no longer requires excluding for the presence of nits (lice eggs) and allows discretion to districts to exclude. Students excluded from school will be readmitted after assessment by designated personnel to confirm no lice or nits are present. Successful treatment of head lice requires a coordinated approach and may involve the use of antilouse products, combing and implementation of preventative measures recommended by health authorities. The district will provide parents of students found to have contracted head lice with treatment information. It is the district’s intent to not only eliminate the current infestation, but also to prevent a repeat episode. The superintendent will develop administrative regulations, as necessary, to implement this policy." More information: www.gervais.k12.or.us

Salem-Kaizer School District

Salem-Kaizer Students with live lice must be treated before returning to school. They will be allowed to remain in school until the end of the day. They must be checked by school personnel before being admitted the following day. 3.7 Remove students who have lice from the classroom in a manner that protects their privacy. Exclude any child with live lice at the end of the school day. Respect the student’s and family’s need for confidentiality. 3.7.1 After the student has been treated for live lice, a designated school staff person should rescreen the student before admitting him/her back into the classroom or school bus. More information:  www.salkeiz.k12.or.us [button link="oregon/eugene-salem-lice-treatment-service.html" color="slate_grey" target="_self" size="large" icon_before="bug"]Learn About Our Lice Treatment Service in Eugene and Salem